Which clinical history findings are characteristic of menopausal transition (MT)?

Updated: Jun 06, 2018
  • Author: PonJola Coney, MD; Chief Editor: Richard Scott Lucidi, MD, FACOG  more...
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Answer

Answer

The menopausal transition (MT) is a time when physiologic changes in responsiveness to gonadotropins and their secretions occur, and it is characterized by wide variations in hormonal levels. Women often experience a range of symptoms, including the following:

  • Hot flashes or flushes

  • Insomnia

  • Weight gain and bloating

  • Mood changes

  • Irregular menses

  • Mastodynia

  • Depression

  • Headache

As noted, the length of time over which these symptoms occurs is widely variable; symptoms may begin up to 6 years before the final menstrual period and continue for a variable number of years after the final menstrual period. [1, 2, 3] As the postmenopause years progress, with an accompanying loss of ovarian response to gonadotropins, associated affective symptoms of menopause also decline.


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