What is the role of roentgenography in the workup of granulosa cell tumors (GCTs) of the ovaries?

Updated: Aug 30, 2018
  • Author: David C Starks, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Warner K Huh, MD  more...
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Chest radiography is useful in helping exclude pulmonary spread of malignant diseases of the ovary. Abdominopelvic CT scanning or MRI may help in diagnosing intraperitoneal spread or involvement of other organ systems prior to surgery. Abdominopelvic imaging also can be used in follow-up evaluations to confirm the presence of recurrent tumor identified after clinical examination.

Abdominal radiography, intravenous pyelography (IVP), barium enemas, and upper GI series also can be useful adjuncts in patients with symptoms involving the GI or genitourinary tracts.

Perform a barium enema or colonoscopy in any patient with a pelvic mass prior to surgical intervention to help rule out colonic involvement, colon cancer, or both as the primary tumor in women older than 40 years. However, if abdominopelvic CT scanning with oral and intravenous contrast already has been performed, IVP, colonoscopy, and barium enema are not required.

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