What are the CDC guidelines for reporting, testing, and specimen collection for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)?

Updated: Jun 25, 2021
  • Author: David J Cennimo, MD, FAAP, FACP, FIDSA, AAHIVS; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

In the event that a patient is classified a PUI for COVID-19, infection-control personnel at the healthcare facility should immediately be notified. Upon identification of a PUI, state health departments should immediately complete a PUI and Case Report form and can contact CDC’s Emergency Operations Center (EOC) at 770-488-7100 for assistance.

Currently, diagnostic testing for COVID-19 is being performed at state public health laboratories and the CDC. Testing for other respiratory pathogens should not delay specimen testing for COVID-19.

The CDC recommends collecting and testing upper respiratory specimens (oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal swabs) and lower respiratory specimens (sputum, if possible) in patients with a productive cough for initial diagnostic testing. Sputum induction is not indicated. If clinically indicated, a lower respiratory tract aspirate or bronchoalveolar lavage sample should be collected and tested. Once a PUI is identified, specimens should be collected as soon as possible. [361]


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