What is the incidence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the United States?

Updated: Jun 25, 2021
  • Author: David J Cennimo, MD, FAAP, FACP, FIDSA, AAHIVS; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Health Disparities

Communities of color have been disproportionally devastated by COVID-19 in the United States and in Europe. Data from New Orleans illustrated these disparities. African Americans represent 31% of the population but 76.9% of the hospitalizations and 70.8% of the deaths. [50]

The reasons are still being elucidated, but data suggest the cumulative effects of health disparities are the driving force. The prevalence of chronic (high- risk) medical conditions is higher and access to health care may be less available. Finally, socioeconomic status may decrease the ability to isolate and avoid infection. [51]   [52]

Communities of color have been disproportionally devastated by COVID-19 in the United States and in Europe. Date from New Orleans illustrated these disparities. African Americans represent 31% of the population but 76.9% of the hospitalizations and 70.8% of the deaths. 

The overall age-adjusted death rate increased by 15.9% in 2020. Death rates were highest among non-Hispanic Black persons and non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native persons. [48]


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