What are the possible adverse effects of positive-pressure ventilation (PPV) on the perioperative management of permanent pacemakers (PPMs) and automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (AICDs)?

Updated: Oct 29, 2018
  • Author: Albert H Tsai, MD; Chief Editor: Sheela Pai Cole, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Initiation of positive-pressure ventilation (PPV) may distort the intrathoracic anatomy and lead to loss of electrode contact; therefore, verification of CIED function should be performed after PPV is initiated.


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