Which risk factors are included in cardiovascular disease risk algorithms for patients with elevated lipid levels?

Updated: Nov 30, 2018
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An elevated total cholesterol or low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level and/or a reduced high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level are traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD); when cholesterol elevations occur in combination with other risk factors, a much higher risk for CVD is predicted. Risk algorithms include lipid levels with some combination of the following other traditional risk factors:

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Family history of premature coronary heart disease (CHD; ie, in a first-degree male relative < 55 y or female relative < 65 y)
  • Smoking
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Obesity
  • Sedentary lifestyle

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