What is the role of the physical exam in the evaluation of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN)?

Updated: Feb 21, 2020
  • Author: Anita Basu, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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A physical examination is useful for ruling out other causes of acute nephropathy, such as cholesterol emboli (characteristic findings of which include blue toe and livedo reticularis) or drug-induced interstitial nephritis (which typically involves a rash). Patients may have evidence of volume depletion or may be in decompensated heart failure. See DDx/Diagnostic Considerations.

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