Which findings on imaging studies are characteristic of HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN)?

Updated: May 09, 2018
  • Author: Moro O Salifu, MD, MPH, FACP; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Answer

Patients with HIVAN are not typically hypertensive, even in the face of renal insufficiency, and their kidneys are usually normal to large in size and highly echogenic on ultrasonograms, as well as on CT scans. This may result from prominent interstitial expansion by cellular infiltrate and markedly dilated tubules containing voluminous casts.


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