Which medications in the drug class Carbapenems are used in the treatment of Acute Pyelonephritis?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Tibor Fulop, MD, PhD, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Carbapenems

Carbapenem antibiotics are broad-spectrum antibiotics that are structurally related to beta-lactam antibiotics. Carbapenems can be used in the treatment of patients with pyelonephritis requiring hospitalization. [3] The extended-spectrum penicillins are also an option for pregnant patients with pyelonephritis.

Doripenem (Doribax)

Doripenem is approved for the treatment of complicated cystitis, including pyelonephritis that is caused by E coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter baumannii. The usual dosage is 500 mg IV every 8 hours. The duration of therapy can range from 10-14 days. Duration includes a possible switch to an appropriate oral therapy after at least 3 days of parenteral therapy, once clinical improvement has been demonstrated. Duration can be extended up to 14 days in patients with concurrent bacteremia.

Ertapenem (Invanz)

Ertapenem is approved for the treatment of complicated cystitis, including pyelonephritis caused by Escherichia coli including cases with concurrent bacteremia or Klebsiella pneumoniae. Usual dosage is 1 g IV every 24 hours for 10-14 days. Duration includes a possible switch to an appropriate oral therapy after at least 3 days of parenteral therapy, once clinical improvement has been demonstrated.

Meropenem (Merrem)

Meropenem is a bactericidal broad-spectrum carbapenem antibiotic that is effective against most gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. It can be administered at a dose of 500 mg IV every 8 hours.

Imipenem-cilastatin (Primaxin)

Imipenem/cilastatin has bactericidal activity against a wide range of gram-negative and gram-positive organisms. It is an alternative treatment for pyelonephritis because infections resistant to other antibiotics (eg, cephalosporins, penicillin, aminoglycosides) have been shown to respond to treatment with imipenem-cilastatin. The general dosing recommendation is 500 mg IV every 6 hours.

Meropenem/vaborbactam (Vabomere)

Indicated for complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI) caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). Vaborbactam is a non-suicidal beta-lactamase inhibitor that protects meropenem from degradation by certain serine beta-lactamases such as Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC). Vaborbactam does not have any antibacterial activity and does not decrease the activity of meropenem against meropenem-susceptible organisms.


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