Which children are at increased risk for complications of acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection)?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Tibor Fulop, MD, PhD, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Aside from the effects of acute infection, the overriding concern is progressive deterioration in function of an already compromised kidney (hypoplastic or dysplastic) secondary to scarring from recurrent pyelonephritis with or without associated obstruction. Infants and preschool-aged children are at greatest risk. Initial management varies with patient age and presentation.

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