What is the mortality rate for perinephric abscesses in patients with acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection)?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Tibor Fulop, MD, PhD, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Mortality associated with perinephric abscesses is 20-50%, but this rate can be decreased with early recognition, surgical drainage, and antimicrobial therapy (not adequate alone). Antibiotics should include an aminoglycoside and an antistaphylococcal agent. If Pseudomonas species are considered or demonstrated, an antipseudomonal beta-lactam antibiotic should be added. For enterococci, an aminoglycoside and ampicillin are recommended. Other organisms that have been reported include tuberculosis and fungi. Nephrectomy may be necessary.


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