When is oral therapy indicated for the treatment of acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection)?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Tibor Fulop, MD, PhD, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

To be considered for oral therapy, patients must meet several prerequisites. They must, of course, be able to tolerate oral medication. In addition, they must have no indication for admission, and close monitoring to ensure good compliance must be possible.

One prospective study supports using oral therapy alone in patients who can tolerate oral intake, lack signs of sepsis, and do not show signs of obstruction or kidney suppuration on urinary tract ultrasonography. Another study (prospective, randomized, unblinded) in a controlled hospital setting found no difference in efficacy between oral and intravenous ciprofloxacin for the initial management of severe pyelonephritis.


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