What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection)?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Tibor Fulop, MD, PhD, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Imaging may be required to make the diagnosis in infants and children in whom pyelonephritis presents insidiously. Imaging is warranted at the time of admission in patients with the following conditions:

  • AIDS
  • Poorly controlled diabetes
  • Organ transplant (particularly kidney)
  • Other immunocompromised state
  • Sepsis syndrome
  • Septic shock

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