In which patient groups is the risk for complication increased from acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection)?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Tibor Fulop, MD, PhD, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Complications occur more often in patients with diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, sickle cell disease, kidney transplant (particularly during the first 3 months), AIDS, and other immunocompromised states. It can sometimes be difficult to determine whether the entities listed below are occurring as a complication of pyelonephritis or are occurring in the absence of pyelonephritis but with signs and symptoms suggestive of pyelonephritis. The important point is to have a high index of suspicion for these complications.

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