What are the race-, sex-, and age-related predilections of acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection)?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Tibor Fulop, MD, PhD, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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No racial predilection of pyelonephritis has been demonstrated. Pyelonephritis is significantly more common in females than in males, although this difference narrows considerably with increasing age, especially in patients aged 65 years and older. In females, pyelonephritis shows a trimodal distribution, with an elevated incidence in girls aged 0-4 years, a peak in women 15-35 years of age, and a gradual increase after age 50 years to another peak at 80 years of age. [5]

In males, the age distribution of pyelonephritis is bimodal. Males also demonstrate a peak incidence of pyelonephritis at 0-4 years of age. Rates gradually increase after 35 years of age and peak at 85 years of age. [5]

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