What is the incidence of pyelonephritis (kidney infection) in the US?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Tibor Fulop, MD, PhD, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Epidemiologic data on the incidence of pyelonephritis are limited. A population-based study of acute pyelonephritis in the United States found overall annual rates of 15-17 cases per 10,000 females and 3-4 cases per 10,000 males. [5] In women aged 18−49 years, the estimated incidence is 28 cases per 10,000. [8]  At least 250,000 cases of pyelonephritis are diagnosed annually in the United States. The cost of treating acute pyelonephritis has been estimated to be $2.14 billion per year. [5]


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