What is the role of urea-splitting organisms in complicated urinary tract infection (UTI)?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Tibor Fulop, MD, PhD, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
  • Print

Urea-splitting organisms produce urease, which hydrolyzes urea, yielding ammonia, bicarbonate, and carbonate; this leads to a more alkaline urine and allows crystal formation (staghorn calculus) from the supersaturation of carbonate apatite and struvite. Staghorn calculi continue to grow in size, leading to infection, obstruction, or both.

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!