Which virulence factors promote the pathogenesis of acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection)?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Tibor Fulop, MD, PhD, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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No single VF is sufficient or necessary to promote pathogenesis. Apparently, multiple VFs are necessary to ensure pathogenesis, although adhesins play an important role.

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