Can acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection) be managed successfully on an outpatient basis?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Tibor Fulop, MD, PhD, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

The current emphasis on cost-effectiveness and the advent of newer antibiotics have led clinicians to reevaluate the benefit of hospitalization in patients with acute pyelonephritis. Most cases of uncomplicated pyelonephritis in young women can be managed successfully on an outpatient basis. However, outpatient management of acute pyelonephritis requires close follow-up care. The first follow-up visit should occur in 1-2 days, depending on the clinician's estimation of the severity of the infection. Any deterioration or unsatisfactory improvement warrants admission for intravenous antibiotics and evaluation for any complications. (See Treatment.)


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