How is pyelonephritis identified in women?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Tibor Fulop, MD, PhD, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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A number of studies using immunochemical markers have shown that many women who initially present with lower urinary tract symptoms actually have pyelonephritis. Their pyelonephritis is often identified when short-course therapy for uncomplicated cystitis fails.

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