Which factors make diagnosis and management of acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection) challenging?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Tibor Fulop, MD, PhD, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Diagnosing and managing acute pyelonephritis is not always straightforward. Wide variation exists in the clinical presentation, severity, options, and disposition of the disease.

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