How is acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection) diagnosed?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Tibor Fulop, MD, PhD, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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In the outpatient setting, pyelonephritis is usually suggested by a patient’s history and physical examination and supported by urinalysis results. Urine specimens can be collected through the following methods:

  • Clean catch
  • Urethral catheterization
  • Suprapubic needle aspiration

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