Which findings on eye exam suggest acute kidney injury (AKI)?

Updated: Dec 24, 2020
  • Author: Biruh T Workeneh, MD, PhD, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Eye examination may reveal the following:

  • Keratitis, iritis, uveitis, dry conjunctivae - Autoimmune vasculitis
  • Jaundice - Liver diseases
  • Band keratopathy (ie, hypercalcemia) - Multiple myeloma
  • Signs of diabetes mellitus
  • Signs of hypertension
  • Atheroemboli - Retinopathy

Evidence of uveitis may indicate interstitial nephritis and necrotizing vasculitis. Ocular palsy may indicate ethylene glycol poisoning or necrotizing vasculitis. Findings suggestive of severe hypertension, atheroembolic disease, and endocarditis may be observed on careful examination of the eyes.

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