What are the vascular causes of intrinsic acute kidney injury (AKI)?

Updated: Dec 24, 2020
  • Author: Biruh T Workeneh, MD, PhD, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

To summarize, vascular (large- and small-vessel) causes of intrinsic AKI include the following:

  • Renal artery obstruction - Thrombosis, emboli, dissection, vasculitis
  • Renal vein obstruction - Thrombosis
  • Microangiopathy - TTP, HUS, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), preeclampsia
  • Malignant hypertension
  • Scleroderma renal crisis
  • Transplant rejection
  • Atheroembolic disease

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