Which symptoms are associated with anemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD)?

Updated: Jul 21, 2021
  • Author: Pradeep Arora, MD; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Anemia in CKD is associated with the following:

  • Fatigue
  • Reduced exercise capacity
  • Impaired cognitive and immune function
  • Reduced quality of life
  • Development of cardiovascular disease
  • New onset of heart failure or the development of more severe heart failure
  • Increased cardiovascular mortality

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