What medication treatments and dietary adjustments can be used to treat the pathologic manifestations of chronic kidney disease (CKD)?

Updated: Jul 21, 2021
  • Author: Pradeep Arora, MD; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Treatments for the pathologic manifestations of CKD include the following:

  • Hyperphosphatemia: Dietary phosphate binders and dietary phosphate restriction
  • Hypocalcemia: Calcium supplements and possibly calcitriol
  • Hyperparathyroidism: Calcitriol or vitamin D analogues
  • Anemia: Iron replacement therapy and erythropoiesis-stimulating agents
  • Cardiovascular death, heart failure: SGLT2 inhibitors 
  • Continued decline in kidney function: SGLT2 inhibitors, ACEIs, ARBs, RAS blockers   

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