Which routine lab results can be used to predict the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) to kidney failure?

Updated: Jul 21, 2021
  • Author: Pradeep Arora, MD; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Unadjusted rates of hospitalization in the CKD popu­lation, reflecting its total disease burden, are 3-5 times higher than those of patients without CKD. [28] After adjustment for gender, prior hospitalizations, and comorbidity, rates for patients with CKD are 1.4 times higher. Rates of hospitalization for cardiovascular disease and bacterial infection are particularly elevated. [28]

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