What is the prognosis of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)?

Updated: Apr 15, 2021
  • Author: Kartika Shetty, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: John L Brusch, MD, FACP  more...
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In HAP/ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), outcomes usually depend on risk factors/comorbidities, on preexisting underlying cardiopulmonary function and host defenses. [21, 22, 23]

The causative pathogen also plays a role with MDR pathogens associated with significantly greater attributable mortality than non-MDR pathogens.

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