What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of urinary schistosomiasis?

Updated: Jun 11, 2020
  • Author: Shadab Hussain Ahmed, MD, AAHIVS, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Imaging tests for urinary schistosomiasis can include the following:

  • Plain abdominal radiography - May demonstrate bladder and ureteral calcifications; the characteristic appearance is often referred to as "fetal head" calcification

  • Ultrasonography - Hydronephrosis, hydroureters, and bladder wall irregularities may be visible

  • Urography - May demonstrate abnormalities in the ureter and bladder wall

  • Intravenous pyelography (IVP) - Ureteric strictures may be detected

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