What is the prevalence of comorbid sexually transmitted diseases and urogenital schistosomiasis?

Updated: Jun 11, 2020
  • Author: Shadab Hussain Ahmed, MD, AAHIVS, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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One study found that among women with S haematobium infection in Madagascar, 35% may have co-existing sexually transmitted infections, such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma genitalium, or Trichomonas vaginalis, as compared with 17% of the men. This is found to be more common in younger populations (aged 15-24 y) than in older populations. The association became stronger with greater parasite burden. [35] Increased HIV replication and cytokine dysregulation occurs when schistosomiasis is present in HIV-positive individuals. In patients on antiretroviral treatment, immune restoration syndrome has been described with symptomatic schistosomiasis.

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