How does smoking affect the disease course of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP)?

Updated: Apr 24, 2019
  • Author: Shelley A Gilroy, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Smoking cessation is strongly recommended in patients with HIV infection, as studies have shown that, in addition to the common deleterious effects of tobacco use, smokers are at an increased risk of P jiroveci pneumonia (PJP) and have a more complicated treatment course. [41]

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