What are the signs and symptoms of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP)?

Updated: Apr 24, 2019
  • Author: Shelley A Gilroy, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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The symptoms of P jiroveci pneumonia (PJP) are nonspecific. PJP in patients with HIV infection tends to run a more subacute indolent course and tends to present much later, often after several weeks of symptoms, compared with PJP associated with other immunocompromising conditions. [21] Symptoms of PJP include the following:

  • Progressive exertional dyspnea (95%)

  • Fever (>80%)

  • Nonproductive cough (95%)

  • Chest discomfort

  • Weight loss

  • Chills

  • Hemoptysis (rare)

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