What is the treatment for Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP)?

Updated: Apr 24, 2019
  • Author: Shelley A Gilroy, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Antibiotics are primarily recommended for treatment of mild, moderate, or severe PJP. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) has been shown to be as effective as intravenous pentamidine and more effective than other alternative treatment regimens. [2] Corticosteroids are used as adjunctive initial therapy only in patients with HIV infection who have severe PJP. Preventive measures (eg, smoking cessation and chemoprophylaxis) can play an important role in disease management.

For other discussions on pneumonia, [3] see the following:

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