What are the leading causes of pleural effusion?

Updated: Jul 02, 2019
  • Author: James J Lamberg, DO; Chief Editor: Meda Raghavendra (Raghu), MD  more...
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See the list below:

  • Congestive heart failure (transudate), incidence 500,000/year

  • Pneumonia (exudate), incidence 300,000/year

  • Cancer (exudate), incidence 200,000/year

  • Pulmonary embolus (transudate or exudate), incidence 150,000/year

  • Viral disease (exudate), incidence 100,000/year

  • Coronary-artery bypass surgery (exudate), incidence 60,000/year

  • Cirrhosis with ascites (transudate), incidence 50,000/year

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