How is bartonellosis (Bartonella infection)-related bacillary angiomatosis treated?

Updated: Jun 19, 2019
  • Author: Kassem A Hammoud, MD; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Answer

In persons with AIDS and bacillary angiomatosis, the primary pharmaceutical choices include erythromycin, doxycycline, or more expensive drugs such as azithromycin, clarithromycin, or a fluoroquinolone.

Doxycycline combined with rifampin is effective in patients with severe disease. Such patients often require extended treatment (≥3 mo).

Antiretroviral therapy is essential in patient with AIDS in order to improve the immune response and prevent relapses.


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