What are the primary vectors of babesiosis?

Updated: Apr 01, 2021
  • Author: Rachel E Strength, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Babesiosis is a zoonotic disease maintained by the interaction of tick vectors, transport hosts, and animal reservoirs. [9] The primary vectors of the parasite are ticks of the genus Ixodes. In the United States, the black-legged deer tick, Ixodes scapularis (also known as Ixodes dammini), is the primary vector for the parasite; in Europe, Ixodes ricinus appears to be the primary tick vector. [10] In each location, the Ixodes tick vector for Babesia is the same vector that locally transmits Borrelia burgdorferi, the agent implicated in Lyme disease.


Ixodes scapularis, tick vector for babesiosis. Im Ixodes scapularis, tick vector for babesiosis. Image courtesy of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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