Which surgical therapies are used rarely in the treatment of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS)?

Updated: Dec 04, 2020
  • Author: Eric S Rovner, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
  • Print

Rarely indicated surgical therapies include the following:

  • Laser photoradiation (poor results)

  • Electrical stimulation

  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulatio (TENS; more marked effect on bladder pain than on urinary frequency)

  • Peripheral denervation (rarely indicated)

  • Bladder augmentation (controversial because pain usually does not improve)

  • Urinary diversion (most invasive; usually reserved as last resort)

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!