How is cystoscopy performed for the diagnosis of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS)?

Updated: Dec 04, 2020
  • Author: Eric S Rovner, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Cystoscopy is sometimes performed without anesthesia; however, bladder hypersensitivity with filling and pelvic pain may limit the examination considerably. Importantly, patients who can tolerate several hundred milliliters of fluid during bladder filling, with manipulation and examination, without general anesthesia probably do not have interstitial cystitis.

In general, cystoscopy is performed while the patient is under anesthesia in order to provide sufficient distention to examine for coexisting urethral and bladder pathology (eg, transitional cell carcinoma) and features of interstitial cystitis, such as Hunner ulcers and glomerulations. Bladder capacity values are also recorded.

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