How is interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) differentiated from provoked vestibulodynia disorder (PVD)?

Updated: Dec 04, 2020
  • Author: Eric S Rovner, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Physical examination findings can help differentiate interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome from provoked vestibulodynia disorder (PVD).  To examine the vestibule (the tissue surrounding the urethral meatus, at the opening of the vagina), the clinician moves the labia minora to the side and lightly touches the tissue with a cotton swab. This maneuver is normally painless, but can elicit burning or cutting pain or pelvic pain in a woman with PVD. [50]

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