What are the indications for contraceptive implants?

Updated: Jan 29, 2018
  • Author: Megan Brady Shannon, MD; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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The contraceptive implant is currently approved for contraception in women, including nulliparous women, adolescents, and breastfeeding mothers. [8]  The implant is approved for immediate postpartum use. It may be inserted as soon as 10 minutes after placental delivery, thus providing safe and effective reversible contraception prior to hospital discharge. The insertion technique does not differ for immediately postpartum placement.  [11]

The contraceptive implant is an etonorgestrel implant, which works by the same mechanism as other progesterone-only methods: by inhibiting ovulation, thinning the endometrium, and thickening cervical mucus. [5, 12]

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