Which patient groups are at highest risk for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency?

Updated: May 01, 2020
  • Author: Srikanth Nagalla, MBBS, MS, FACP; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Glucose-6-phosphatase dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency occurs worldwide. In the United States, black males are primarily affected, with a prevalence of about 10%. Internationally, the geographic prevalence of the disorder correlates with the distribution of malaria. The highest prevalence rates (with gene frequencies from 5-25%) are found in the following regions [9, 10, 2] :

  • Tropical Africa

  • The Middle East

  • Tropical and subtropical Asia

  • Some areas of the Mediterranean

  • Papua New Guinea

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