What follow-up measures are indicated after postexposure prophylaxis for HIV?

Updated: Jul 27, 2020
  • Author: Ana Elizabeth Markelz, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: John Bartlett, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Follow-up measures should include the following:

  • Refraining from donation of blood, tissue, semen, or organs
  • Avoiding sexual intercourse without using barrier precautions; avoiding breastfeeding if possible; informing the provider if the at-risk healthcare worker is pregnant
  • Follow-up HIV antibody testing at 6 weeks and 4 months if using fourth-generation HIV test; if fourth-generation HIV test is unavailable, testing should be conducted at 6 weeks, 12 weeks, and 6 months
  • Rechecking of CBC, renal function, and hepatic function at 2 weeks

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