What is the role of a medical thoracoscopy (pleuroscopy) in the workup of recurrent pleural effusions?

Updated: Jul 08, 2021
  • Author: Shannon E Burke, DO; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Recurrent pleural effusions are often caused by heart failure, cardiac surgery, nephritic syndrome, connective tissue diseases, and other inflammatory disorders. When these effusions are not well controlled by repeat large-volume thoracentesis, pleural biopsies can be obtained through medical thoracoscopy, and pleurodesis can be performed if necessary.

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