Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of HIV-associated meningitis?

Updated: Aug 24, 2017
  • Author: Gulshan Uppal, MD; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MBBS, MD, DM, FAHS, FAANEM  more...
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The differential diagnosis of HIV-associated meningitis includes chronic paroxysmal hemicrania, meningococcal meningitis, migraine headache, neurosyphilis, and staphylococcal meningitis. Other problems to be considered include lymphomatous meningitis; bacterial meningitis, which often occurs in conjunction with sepsis; and cytomegalovirus ventriculoencephalitis, which usually results in a change in mental status that evolves over several weeks and can be misdiagnosed as HIV-associated dementia.

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