What is the effect of cardiovascular health on breast cancer risk?

Updated: Dec 16, 2019
  • Author: Jessica Katz, MD, PhD, FACP; Chief Editor: Marie Catherine Lee, MD, FACS  more...
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A review of the American Heart Association cardiovascular health (CVH) score in 161,809 Women's Health Initiative participants followed from 1993 through 2010 found that, compared with women with the highest (best) CVH scores, those with the lowest (worst) CVH scores had a 52% greater risk of incident cancer, including breast cancer. Fewer minority women and less-educated women achieved an ideal CVH score. The CVH score is based on smoking, body mass index, physical activity, diet, total cholesterol, blood pressure, and fasting glucose. [34]

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