How are the emotional and psychological disturbances of cognitive impairment treated?

Updated: Dec 02, 2020
  • Author: Claudia L Reardon, MD; more...
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Answer

Answer

Emotional and psychological disturbances affect up to 90% of individuals with Alzheimer disease and cause significant distress both for them and their caregivers. Behavioral interventions to control these symptoms should always be tried before medications. Such interventions include redirecting the patient, distraction techniques, and soothing music. Novel environments can precipitate agitated behavior and should be avoided if reasonably possible. Additionally, some studies show that exercise not only slows cognitive decline and improves function in people with dementia, but also reduces episodes of agitated behavior and improves sleep. [22]


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