How is exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) treated?

Updated: Nov 11, 2019
  • Author: Lucia Sobrin, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Karl S Roth, MD  more...
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Management of exudative AMD may include the following [26, 27] :

  • Intravitreal injection with ranibizumab, bevacizumab, aflibercept, or pegaptanib sodium
  • Photodynamic therapy with verteporfin
  • Thermal laser photocoagulation surgery
  • Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements (vitamin A, vitamin E, zinc, and lutein)
  • Wraparound shades (eg, orange-tinted, blue blocker lenses): Effective solution for delayed dark adaptation and to protect eyes from direct sunlight
  • Avoidance/cessation of tobacco use
  • Frequent follow-up for risk assessment of conversion to exudative AMD

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