What are the signs and symptoms of cranial nerve dysfunction in transient ischemic attack (TIA)?

Updated: Dec 03, 2018
  • Author: Ashish Nanda, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew K Chang, MD, MS  more...
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The following signs may be present in patients with cranial nerve dysfunction:

  • Ocular dysmotility

  • Forehead wrinkling asymmetry

  • Incomplete eyelid closure

  • Asymmetrical mouth retraction

  • Loss of the nasolabial crease

  • Swallowing difficulty

  • Lateral tongue movement

  • Weak shoulder shrugging

  • Visual field deficits

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