What is the etiology of transient ischemic attack (TIA) in children?

Updated: Dec 03, 2018
  • Author: Ashish Nanda, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew K Chang, MD, MS  more...
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TIA etiologies in children, which can differ from those in adults, include the following:

  • Congenital heart disease with cerebral thromboembolism (most common)

  • Drug abuse (eg, cocaine)

  • Clotting disorders

  • Central nervous system infection

  • Neurofibromatosis

  • Vasculitis

  • Idiopathic progressive arteriopathy of childhood (moyamoya)

  • Fibromuscular dysplasia

  • Marfan disease

  • Tuberous sclerosis

  • Tumor

  • Sickle cell disease

  • Focal arteriopathies

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