How is a physical exam performed on a patient with suspected abdominal hernia?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Assar A Rather, MBBS, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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In general, the physical examination should be performed with the patient in both the supine and standing positions, with and without the Valsalva maneuver. The examiner should attempt to identify the hernia sac, as well as the fascial defect through which it is protruding. This allows proper direction of pressure for reduction of hernia contents. The examiner should also identify evidence of obstruction and strangulation.

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